“Manpower” human resources” may be thought as the total knowledge, skills, creative abilities, talents and aptitudes of an organisation’s work force, as well as the values, attitudes and benefits of an involved. “ Manpower Planning” and “human resources” planning are synonymous. Human resources or manpower planning is “the process by which a management determines how an organisation should move form its current manpower position to its desired manpower position. Through planning a management strives to have the right number and right kinds of people at the right places, at the right time to do things which result in both the organisations and the individual receiving the maximum long range benefits.
Human Resources Planning consists of series of activities
Forecasting future manpower requirements, either in terms of mathematical projections of trends in the economic environment and development in industry or in terms of judgmental estimates based on future plans of a company.
Making an inventory of present manpower resources and assessing the extend to which these resources are employed optimally.
Anticipating manpower problems by projecting present resources into the future and comparing them with the forecast of requirement to determine their adequacy, both quantitatively and qualitatively.
Planning the necessary Programmer of requirement selection, training, development, utilisation transfer, promotion, motivation and compensation to ensure that future manpower requirement are properly met.
The ultimate mission of human resources planning is to relate Future human resources to future enterprise needs so as to maximize the future return on investment in human resources. In effect the main purpose is one of matching or fitting employee abilities to enterprise requirements with an emphasis on future instead of present arrangement. In order to integrate human resources planning with corporate point of time. For this estimate, the number and type of employees needed have to be determined. Many environmental factors effect this determination. They include business forecasts, Expansion and growth design and structural changes, management philosophy,