Components of communication

  1. CONTEXT

  2. SENDER-ENCODER

  3. MESSAGE

  4. MEDIUM

  5. RECEIVER-DECODER.

  6. FEEDBACK.

  1. CONTEXT.

Every message, whether oral or written, begins with context. Context is a broad field that includes country, culture, organization and external and internal stimuli. Every country, every culture and every company or organization has its own conventions for processing and communicating information.

  1. SENDER-ENCODER.

Sender is the person who communicates the idea, information, material, etc. He acts in the capacity of speaker, writer, or encoder.

  1. The message he intends to send

  2. The message he actually sends

  3. The message the other person receives or understands.

  4. The other person interpretation of the message

  5. The other person response.

  1. MESSAGE.

The message may be in the form of order, opinion, advice, suggestion, instruction, question answer or material. It is necessary and important that idea or message received be identical to the idea or message sent. It is possible only when both communicators sender and receiver are skillful in communication and its language.

  1. MEDIUM

Medium of communication includes letters report telegrams fax mailgrams cables telefax postals telephones charts pictures or any other mechanical device. Medium may be a person as a postman. It may be a device as a telephone. It may also be an organization as a post office or news agency.

  1. RECEIVER-DECODER.

The receiver is the decoder. He when receives decodes or interprets the message. Since perfect communication is not possible, there is deviation between the idea sent and the idea received or interpreted. If the receiver is skillful in communication then the deviation will be small.

  1. FEEDBACK.

Feedback can be an oral or a written message, an action or simply silence.