Motivation pertains to various drives , desires , needs , wishes and other forces .
Forces that induce individuals to act or perform . Forces that influence human behavior.
Theories of Motivation
There are different theories of motivation.
Theory X Assumptions:
Assumptions about the nature of people as suggested by Douglas McGregor:-
People dislike work and will avoid if they can ;
People must be coerced , controlled , directed and threatened with punishment to get achievement of organizational objectives ;
Wish to avoid responsibility , have relatively little ambition and want security above all .
Theory Y Assumptions:
Theory y suggests :-
The expenditure of physical and mental effort in work is as natural as play or rest ;
External control and the threat of punishment are not for producing efforts. People will exercise self-directions and self-control ;
Proportionality in degree of commitment and in size of the rewards ;
To learn for seeking knowledge;
High degree of imagination;
Potentialities of the average person are only partially utilized.
Hierarchy Of Needs :
Maslow’s theory that basic human needs exist in our ascending order of importance and that once a lower –level need is satisfied , actions appealing to it cease to motivate.