Four most common types of work teams found in the organization

  1. Problems Solving Teams:- Groups of 5 to 12 employees from the same department who meet for few hours each week to discuss ways of improving quality, efficiency and the work environment. Rarely, however, are these teams given the authority to unilaterally implement any of their suggested actions.
  1. Self Managed work teams:- Are group of employees 10 to 15 who performs highly related or interdependent jobs and take on many of the responsibilities of their former supervisors. Typically this includes planning and scheduling of work, assigning tasks to members, taking action on problems, and working with suppliers and customers. Fully self-managed work teams even select their own members and have the members evaluate each others performances. As a result, supervisory positions take on decreased importance and many even be eliminated.
  1. Cross functional teams:- Employees from about the same hierarchical level but from different work areas who come together to accomplish a task.
  1. Virtual teams:- Teams that use computers to tie together physically dispersed members in order to achieve a common goal.

Three primary factors that differentiate virtual teams from face to face teams are

    1. The absence of preverbal and non verbal cues.
    2. Limited social context
    3. The ability to overcome time and space constrains.