POWER AND POLITICS

Power is the ability of individuals or groups to induce or influence the beliefs or actions of other persons or groups.
A person can have power over the other person only if the first person has something which other person desires.
Bases of Power:-
Power can be of two types- formal and personal.
Formal Power:-
Formal power is based on an individual’s position in an organization. Formal power can come from the ability to coerce or reward, from formal authoring or from control of information.
Coercive power:-
The coercive power base is dependent on fees. One reacts to this power out of fear of the negative results that might occur if one failed to comply. It rests on the application, or the threat of application, of physical sanctions such as the infliction of pain, the generation of frustration through restriction of movement, or the controlling by force of basic physiological or safety needs.
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